In Jesus' interactive Nazareth village, audio engineers were sound-checking a chorus of bleating sheep. Downstairs, plush lions from Noah's Ark were being unboxed for display in the gift shop. On the outdoor Biblical Garden, an ersatz Tree of Life swayed languidly in the breeze outside Manna, the Israeli-inspired restaurant.
The new Museum of the Bible in Washington, D.C., opens Friday. And when the first visitors flock through its 12-metre-tall bronze Gutenberg Gates bearing the words of Genesis in Latin, organizers hope not just to enlighten crowds; they aim to silence doubts about the cultural venue's existential purpose.
The $500-million US exhibition space is billed as a 430,000-square-foot repository of artifacts with a modest goal: To help the public understand an ancient text and nothing more.
"We're not trying to convert anyone," assures Steve Bickley, the museum's vice-president of marketing. "The Museum of the Bible exists to invite all people to engage with the best-selling book of all time."
Coaxing cynics to accept that in good faith will be the challenge. Museum agnostics have misgivings about its founder and major bankroller Steve Green, CEO of the Christianity-infused Hobby Lobby empire, a chain of craft stores that won a 2014 Supreme Court case to deny workers contraception coverage over religious objections.
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'We don't get into theology'
Last summer, federal authorities slapped Hobby Lobby with a $3-million fine and ordered the company to forfeit over 5,500 smuggled Iraqi antiquities that were believed to have been destined for the new museum. Putting that scandal aside, the museum's development in D.C. has also troubled people wary of its proximity to the corridors of political power and its promise not to be preachy.
To the naysayers, museum officials say: Judge not — at least until you visit.
"People often wonder, 'Will the museum be presenting a literal interpretation? Or a different interpretation of Genesis?'" Bickley said. "We don't enter into that; we don't get into theology or points of view. We just tell the story that's actually in the Bible."
Organizers favour an academic approach. The museum dropped its mission statement which, according to 2010 Internal Revenue Service nonprofit filings, was "to inspire confidence in the absolute authority and reliability of the Bible."
As drills growled in the background, a guide giving a preview tour to CBC News last month described the revisions as "an evolution."
When the museum opens, visitors will be able to wander a reimagined Nazareth village and interact with roaming actors wearing ancient Israeli garb. They'll be able to sip on handcrafted coffees at the Milk and Honey Cafe. Children in the Courageous Pages zone can stand between the pillars like Samson and push them apart.
Theatre-lovers can also catch a live show of Amazing Grace, the Christian-themed Broadway musical about former slave trader John Newton, the Anglican clergyman and eventual abolitionist who wrote the hymn Amazing Grace.
Bickley noted that respected international collections experts were brought in, including Canadian experts from Trinity Western University, to advise on acquisitions and displays.
Blockbuster turnout is expected
Even so, the Hobby Lobby connection unsettles Diana Steinhauser, who works nearby and has been watching the construction proceed. She wonders if tourists might make presumptions about its location near the edge of the National Mall, nestled among its politics-free Smithsonian neighbours and rising so close to an area often referred to as "America's Front Yard."
"Tourists coming in might have trouble understanding the difference," she said. "We get tourists all the time that come in, asking how to get to the Mall, asking directions, and they often affiliate all museums with the Smithsonian."
Steinhauser said she'll boycott the museum to deny it strong attendance numbers, but blockbuster turnout is expected. Admission is free, with a suggested $15 donation.
Inside, a 43-metre digital ceiling tested patterns of the Sistine Chapel and sharks in water. Crews touched up murals of ancient Israel, removed sheaves of wheat from plastic wrap, inspected the clang of a replica Liberty Bell and planted "lilies of the field" on a sixth-floor garden overlooking the U.S. Capitol.
That it occupies such prime D.C. real estate troubles religious scholar Jacques Berlinerblau, who fears the museum will become ground zero for evangelical political crusaders in the capital.
"There is no doubt in my mind that the convening power and the strategic tactical and strategic centrality of that space was foremost in their thinking," said Berlinerblau, director of the Program for Jewish Civilization at Georgetown University.
"This could be used as a rallying point for conservative Christian activism, a way of getting people on the buses."
A museum attraction on the second-floor Impact collection called Washington Revelations is feeding evangelical scholar John Fea's doubts. The multi-sensory "4D" ride takes visitors soaring over D.C. landmarks to highlight scripture inscribed on landmarks, such as the Supreme Court, the Library of Congress and the Lincoln Memorial.
To Fea, who teaches history at Messiah College in Pennsylvania, the idea mirrors evangelical activist David Barton's WallBuilders movement, which promotes a view the United States was founded as a Christian nation. A signature program of the WallBuilders is to bring ministers and state politicians on tours of Washington to show them places bearing biblical verse.
"There's a temptation there to send the message that America is a certain kind of nation, a Christian nation," Fea said. "A nation where the Bible should be important and prominent in shaping public life. In other words, [suggesting] we were a Bible nation from the beginning."
Though he admires the museum project in concept, he questions whether the building just three blocks from Congress will service a conservative vision of American Christian nationalism.
Not that any of that concerned a group of Colorado visitors on a recent sneak-peek tour of the facility.
"Incredible. Outstanding," said Doug Gustafson, who scored a VIP tour through a family friend.
"It's going to have incredible impact on people and bring the Bible alive and make it way more meaningful," added his wife, Leslie. "People are going to get it. They'll have opportunity to get it. And from so many vantage points."
On his lunch break from NASA headquarters, which shares the same block as the museum, Lee Sheridan said he and two co-workers at an agency known for advancing our understanding of the Big Bang Theory have already reserved their tickets.
Sheridan, a Protestant, considers a visit less of a pilgrimage than as an "academic pursuit" to better understand how canonization — the collection of the original biblical texts — came to pass.
The computing systems administrator doesn't expect to be bombarded with messages attesting to Creationism, but reasons a scholarly take on the history of the Bible should include varying interpretations. Where it might cross a line for him is if exhibits have the appearance of validating a position. Sheridan is reserving judgment.
"For me," he said, "the devil's in the details."